The Science of Vaping
The Science of Vaping
Vaping is a trend that has recently been replacing the smoking of cigarettes. For most people, vaping is a much healthier option than that of smoking since vaping allows a cleaner intake of fumes while avoiding dangerous chemicals. Smoking cigarettes and tobacco require a lit fuse and users can take in more harmful chemicals.
Vaping is similar to smoking in that one inhales and then exhale the vapor fumes. The vapor is produced through the means of electronic heating via coils. With the vaping device in hand, it’ll heat up whatever is inside. The device can heat e-liquid, concentrate, or the herb itself. The components making up the vaping device are the battery, atomizer, and cartridge. An atomizer is what heat the contents until a boiling point. Once all the content reaches a boiling point, the atomizer controls the amount of liquid that comes in contact with the coil. For higher vapors, one would get a low resistance atomizer and high voltage device.
The actual science behind vaping has a few essentials to it. The vaporization of the substance works like this; liquid or an herb is heated to a boiling point, and the vapors are formed. Basically, the solid or liquid becomes gaseous.
Vapors mainly use e-cigs to vape. Common e-cigs are comparable to a nice and sleek USB drive. Additionally, the e-cigs come with disposable cartridges. Cartridges are the area of the e-cig that holds the vape substance. The cartridges are refillable as well. New vapors are recommended to take the advice of the manufacturer when obtaining vape juice. All other pieces of the e-cig are the pod or mouthpiece. The atomizer, a color indicator for the battery, internal circuit boards, a pressure sensor, lithium-ion battery, and an aluminum body that holds it all together.
The average heat to get the vapor is between 200 degrees Celsius to 250 degrees Celsius or 392-degree Fahrenheit to 480 degrees Fahrenheit. The temperature though is dependent on the vape juice. If the vape juice has a higher concentration of vegetable glycerin then the temperature might need to be higher.
The substances making up the vape juice are vegetable glycerin (VG), Propylene Glycol (PG), Nicotine, and flavoring. There is no tobacco, smoke, tar, flame, ash, or carbon monoxide in e-cigs. Nicotine is also not required when vaping and Nicotine combining with the flavor makes up only 10 percent of the liquid.
The Atomizer controls the intake of the vape. If the resistance is too high or low, the vaping experience could be less favorable to most. It is very important to understand the ratios and the ohm. An ohm is a unit for measuring the electrical resistance. There are two ways to vape, depending on each user, there is Mouth to Lung (MTL) and Direct Lung (DL). Mouth to lung is when one inhales the vapor, holding the vape in their mouth, then bring it into their lungs. On average when vaping using this method the atomizer needs to be over 1.0 ohms and the following is a recommended amount of substances for the MTL method. The propylene glycol (PG) in the juice is recommended at 50 percent or above, the average ratio of vegetable glycerin (VG) is 70 to 30 or 50 to 50, and for the Nicotine it is recommended to be around 6mg to 24 mg.
For vapors doing Direct Lung (DL) it would require a sub ohm with atomizers below 1.0 ohms. The e-liquid would need a level of 50% of VG and the nicotine level is recommended at 1.5 mg to 6 mg. Additionally, the average or recommended ratio of VG to PG is 70 VG to 30 PG or 80 VG to 20 PG. This style of vaping will create a bigger cloud and uses less nicotine.
Taking this knowledge of e-cigs, hopefully, new users will have a clearer understanding of vaping and the sciences behind it.