The United States has produced a plethora of distinguished scientists who are responsible for some remarkable advances in the realm of technology and medicine. From Alexander Graham Bell to Albert Einstein, from Benjamin Franklin to Nikola Tesla – the list of noteworthy scientists who are recognized to this day for their exceptional contribution to the development of humankind is endless. Their role in helping us gain a deeper understanding of how the world around us works has been unrivaled. Even today, some of the most influential scientists who are shaping our worldview are Americans. In this post, we will analyze the degrees and educational background of some of the nation’s top scientists. Read on to discover.
Persi Diaconis is an American Mathematician known for solving mathematical problems concerning randomness and randomization. While merging the mathematical theory of groups with statistics, Persi has radically reconfigured our perception of randomness.
As far as the educational background of Persi Diaconis is concerned, he dropped out of high school to travel the world with the sleight-of-hand legend Dai Vernon. He returned after learning the Math required to read William Feller’s two-volume Treatise on Probability Theory – An Introduction to Probability and its Application. Persi graduated from City College of New York in 1971, and went on to earn a Ph.D. in Mathematical Statistic from Harvard University.
Alan Guth is an American physicist and cosmologist whose ideas regarding inflationary cosmology have revolutionized our understanding of the Big Bang theory as well as the large-scale structure of the universe. Guth graduated with a Physics degree from MIT in 1968, and later earned a Master’s and a doctorate in Physics, also from MIT.
Donald Knuth, a renowned computer scientist, mathematician, and professor emeritus at Stanford University, is known for his work on the theory of the algorithm that transformed computer science. In addition to that, Knuth is also the creator of TeX computer typesetting system along with the related METAFONT. He is also known for developing the computer modern family of typefaces. Knuth holds a Ph.D. in Mathematics from the California Institute of Technology.
James Watson, a molecular biologist, geneticist, and zoologist is recognized worldwide for playing a key role in the discovery of the structure of DNA. His contribution has revolutionized biology as a field and has been described as a prominent landmark of the 20th century. Watson earned a B.S. degree from the University of Chicago in 1947. He completed his Ph.D. in 1950 at Indiana University, following a post-doctoral year at the University of Copenhagen.
Charles Hard Townes is an American physicist credited with the popular invention of the maser and laser, which is now omnipresent in every technology.
Charles earned his B.S. in Physics and B.A. in Modern Languages in 1935 from Furman University. He completed his Master of Arts degree in Physics at Duke University in 1937, and later graduated from the California Institute of Technology, receiving a Ph.D. in 1939.
The work and life of all these scientists are truly inspiring and will continue to be remembered in the years to come.